key verse: 27
THE BODY AND THE MEMBERS OF THE BODY OF CHRIST
In this chapter, Paul talks about the work of the Holy Spirit which gives diverse gifts to believers. Then, he speaks about the role of each member in the Church, which is the body of Christ.
1. The role of the spirit and the diversity of gifts (1-11)
In the past, the Corinthians worshipped idols. Through the work of the Holy Spirit, they came to confess Jesus as Savior. Becoming attached to a gift such as visions or speaking in tongues is the influence of pagan religions. The sole work of the Holy Spirit is to help sinners repent and confess Jesus as Savior. Confessing Christ and depending on the Spirit to obey God, such things are proof of the Holy Spirit's presence. Each person receives a gift in order to serve the Church. The Holy Spirit gives according to his will. This does not depend on personal merit, so none may feel superior nor inferior. Regardless of how small one's gift is, it's important to use it to serve the saints and the Church, to edify it.
2. The body and the members of the body of Christ (12-31)
The church is the body of Christ, and the members of this body do not work for themselves. They depend on each other while working for the body. Just as no one part is unimportant, in the same way, no spiritual gift should be neglected. When all members work together and share the same mind, the Church, which is the body of Christ, will remain in good health. A spiritual gift comes from the Holy Spirit and is given so that we may better serve the church. Because of pagan influence, the church at Corinth valued mystical gifts. Yet, Paul warned them and considered the gift of tongues and visions to be least of them all. People are attracted to what dazzles the eyes, but Paul says that the gift we must desire most is love. Instead of envying others' gifts, using our own gifts to help others in love is most important.