Key verse 20 :6
Studying Revelation makes us gain altitude. The various judgements that one after the other give us a number of negative perspectives. However, Ch. 20 us onto a marvellous summit.
1. Before the thousand-year (1-3). The angel descended from the heavens with the key to the abyss in his hand. Many share the opinion that this angel is Christ himself. He alone has the authority and the power to bind Satan up and to cast him into the abyss. In this passage Satan is given four different names (2). The abyss is where the dead lie (sheol, hades). The souls of those who lost their way and who await God's judgement lie here. The evil spirits who Satan controls lie here as well.2. During the thousand-year period (4-6). Satan will be therefore up for a thousand years. This is a very contreversial topic that causes quite a bit of division concerning its interpretation : millenarianism either before or after, amillennialism there are others who interpret it as a spiritual. According to several premillenial theologians, the reign known as the Millennium, that is part of the eschathologic events will come as followed : the Church and Christ's tribunal being taken to heaven (the rapture) - the Anti-Christ's reign – the great tribulation - Christ's return and the punishment of his ennemies- Christ’s reign for a thousand years- Satan's last and final revolt – the final judgement – eternal happiness. Only the martyrs and the victors of the great tribulation are assigned to the thrones that are mentioned in this passage. These thrones are the corollary to God's reign. That's the first resurrection (5). The Anti-Christ's victims will not resurrect before the end of the tribulation period. They will not pass before Christ's tribunal but they will go directly to the throne of the heavens to enjoy happiness during a thousand years.